FinVolution Group (NYSE:FINV) Q4 2022 Earnings Call Transcript March 14, 2023
Operator: Hello, ladies and gentlemen, thank you for participating in the Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2022 Earnings Conference Call for FinVolution Group. . I will now turn the call over to your host, Mr. Jimmy Tan, Head of Investor Relations for the company. Thank you, Jimmy, please go ahead.
Jimmy Tan: Hello, everyone, and welcome to our fourth quarter and full year 2022 earnings conference call. The company results were issued via Newswire services earlier today and are posted online. You can download the earnings release and sign for the company e-mail alerts by visiting the IR section of our website at ir.finvgroup.com. Mr. Tiezheng Li, our Chief Executive Officer, and Mr. Jiayuan Xu, our Chief Financial Officer, will start the call with their prepared remarks and conclude with a Q&A session. During this call, we will be referring to several non-GAAP financial measures to review and assess our operating performance. These non-GAAP financial measures are not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP.
For information about these non-GAAP measures and reconciliation to GAAP measures, please refer to our earnings press release. Before we continue, please note that today’s discussion will contain forward-looking statements, made under the safe harbor provisions of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements involve inherent risks and uncertainties. As such, the company results may be materially different from the view expressed today. Further information regarding these and other risks and uncertainties are included in the company’s filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. The company does not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required under applicable law.
Finally, we post a slide presentation on our IR website, providing details of our results for the quarter. I will now turn the call over to our CEO, Mr. Tiezheng Li. Please go ahead, sir.
Tiezheng Li: Thanks, Jimmy. Hello, everyone, and thank you for joining our earnings call. I’m Tiezheng Li, Co-Founder of the company and it’s a pleasure today and speak with all of you today. I’m deeply honored to take on the role of Chief Executive Officer and excited to explore the great opportunities and the prospects ahead for FinVolution. We are happy to speak with you today following the conclusion of another turbulent year on a strong note. 2022 was a complicated year given the complex macro environment. The situation in the domestic market has been very challenging with the pandemic resurgence throughout the year, leading to varying degrees of lockdown across multiple cities. The Shanghai lockdown was particularly difficult for us as most of our core teams are based here.
However, despite all these challenges, we continue to build on our priority technologies in industry-leading digital capabilities, delivering resilient growth each quarter and ultimately producing another set of record-breaking operational and financial results to close out the year. We have invested wisely in the technologies throughout the year and are pleased to share that as of December 2022. We have successfully registered 212 software copyrights and filed 162 patents in fintech-related areas. For full year 2022, we achieved our total transaction volume target with RMB 175.4 billion in total transactions, representing a year-over-year increase of 28%. Our total transaction volume in the fourth quarter reached RMB 48.6 billion, representing a year-over-year increase of 25% and a sequential increase of 7%.
Notably, our full year domestic loan volume grew to RMB 171 billion, a year-over-year increase of 28%, and the fourth quarter volume rose to RMB 47 billion, a year-over-year increase of 24% and a sequential increase of 6%. Thanks to our effective local focus, global outlook strategy. International loan volume for the full year also climbed to RMB 4.3 billion, representing a year-over-year increase of 16% where loan volume for the fourth quarter reached RMB 1.4 billion, representing an increase of 41% year-over-year. Concurrently, our total outstanding loan balance stands at RMB 64.6 billion, a year-over-year increase of 28%. Our outstanding loan finance in China totaled RMB 63.8 billion, an increase of 28% year-over-year. And the international markets, this number has soared to RMB 0.8 billion, representing a year-over-year increase of 167%.
Solid management experience as well as excellent execution throughout the year helped us to overcome the year’s challenging period, leveraging our cutting-edge technologies such as RTA for new borrowers acquisition. Our Octopus system for operation of advertisement targeting high-quality borrowers, our Magic Mirror for credit risk assessment and our Ming Mirror for fraud detection. We delivered robust operational and financial results, fostered by our prudent approach to risk management and our advanced credit risk assessment model. Our vintage delinquency rates remained stable and healthy between 2.3% to 2.4% throughout 2022. In 2023, as China reopens, we expect further improvements in these metrics. We also maintained a strong loan collection recovery rate of approximately 90% in the fourth quarter, even in some turbulence surrounding the easing of Zero COVID policy in December 2022.
With our ongoing efforts to acquire better quality borrowers, our proportion of category A and B borrowers in the domestic market further increased to 77% of our total borrowers in the fourth quarter from 63% in the same period last year. Coupled with a larger proportion of better quality borrowers, we have also completely paid our price transition. Our average borrowing rate was 23% in the fourth quarter, reaffirming our commitment to financial inclusion where bolstering our compliance level and alignment with regulatory directives. Looking ahead, we expect borrowing rates to be in the range of 22% to 23% in 2023 due to the increase in the proportion of category A and B borrowers. Notably, the transition to better quality borrowers has also helped us to reduce our funding costs, which dipped below 7% in the fourth quarter of 2022 compared with 7.8% in the same period last year.
We have cumulatively incorporated with 75 financial institutions and our pipeline of potential partners remains robust. Looking ahead, we are confident we can achieve progressive improvements in our funding costs as our proportion of category A and B borrowers continue to rise. Moving on to our second growth driver, our international expansion. We are thrilled to report that during the fourth quarter, improvement across multiple operational fronts led to a revenue contribution of RMB 395 million from this segment, representing a 13% contribution to total revenue as well as an increase of 122% from the same period last year and a sequential increase of 13% from the previous year — quarter. For full year 2022, revenue from the international segment was RMB 1.15 billion or 10.3% of total revenue, a remarkable accomplishment given the international contribution to total revenue just reached a double-digit level for the first time in the third quarter.
Indonesia continued to be the major international market in 2022, although pandemic-related rules and restrictions have relaxed in many countries. We remain cautious and we’ll adjust our strategy according to suite local circumstances. Since 2021, we have been targeting better quality borrowers with attractive interest rates in Indonesia. And our efforts have been recognized by well-known local financial institutions such as Bank Jago, Bank Permata and the OCBC NISP. Among others, growing fruitful collaboration with these local partners have led to a rapid increase in our proportion of loan funded by local banks to 63% in the fourth quarter of 2022 compared to 48% in the previous quarter and merely 10% in the same period last year. Our success in Indonesian market is sparing and has strengthened our confidence as we expand into additional countries.
For example, our outstanding loan financing in the Philippines during the fourth quarter grew over 110% year-over-year. Going forward, we plan to accelerate our pace of penetration in Indonesia and the Philippines, while evaluating other potential opportunities in the region. Based on our current assessment, we believe revenue contributions from the international markets will continue to climb in 2023, rising to between 15% to 20% of total revenue, further diversifying our revenue sales. Last but not least, I’d like to briefly update you on our ESG performance. We published our fourth annual ESG report in 2022, providing a snapshot of our forward-looking thinking efforts and initiatives aimed at driving sustainability and enhancing value creation for our stakeholders.
We also joined the United Nations Global Compact program, a voluntary initiative to implement universal sustainability practice, demonstrating our corporate value and the long-standing dedication of fulfilling our social responsibilities. Furthermore, we were proud to receive a low-risk ESG rating from Sustainalytics for the second consecutive year, a powerful testament to our vision for the future of ESG as well as our current accessibility policies and practices. Going forward, we will strive to promote our aspects of ESG in our operations, including corporate governance and behavior, data privacy and security, human capital development, environment protection and corporate social responsibility. To ensure alignment with the international best practice and enhance our holistic approach to ESG, we plan to expand to our cooperation with additional independent ESG rating platforms in 2023.
In summary, our outstanding overall performance in 2022 underscores our strength and stability as well as our team’s ability to overcome challenges. We have built a firm foundation that will empower us to drive long-term sustainable quality growth as we forge ahead in 2023, we will continue to embrace our local focus, global outlook strategy, building on our domestic strength and success with an emphasis on serving better quality borrowers while evaluating more countries and regions to advance our global expansion. Meanwhile, we will remain dedicated to expanding our healthy customer base, optimizing our product mix and leveraging our technology or logical capabilities to further refine our risk assessment and management framework. With these advantages, we believe that we are well situated the capital life and on the massive opportunities that lie at a height and create greater value for our customers, shareholders and all of our stakeholders.
Next, I would like to say a few words about the management transition we announced today. Zhang is stepping down as our CEO to pursue other interests after 8 years with the company. On behalf of the Board, I would like to take this opportunity to express my sincerest gratitude to Zhang Feng for his outstanding contributions to the company throughout the year. Concurrently, the Board has selected Mr. Yuxiang Wang to serve as the company’s Chief Operating Officer, while retaining his current role as Chief Technology Officer, a role he has held since 2019. From June 2015 to March 2023, Mr. Wang also served as the Chief Product Officer. Together with the rest of the Board and the team, Mr. Wang and I look forward to propelling the company to even greater heads.
With that, I will now turn the call over to our CFO, Jiayuan Xu, who will discuss our financial results for the quarter.
Jiayuan Xu: Thank you, Tiezheng, and hello, everyone. Welcome to our fourth quarter and full year 2022 earnings call. In the interest of time, I will not go through all of the financial line items on this call. Please refer to our earnings release for further details. As Tiezheng mentioned, we are heartened by the strong financial results we achieved in 2022 despite the unique challenges we encountered. Even more encouragingly, our second growth driver, the International segment, continued to gain progressive momentum and contribute over 10% of our total revenue in 2022. Notably, net revenues in the fourth quarter reached around RMB 3 billion, up 25% year-over-year, with full year net revenues exceeding the RMB 10 billion mark for the first time to reach RMB 11 billion, up 17% year-over-year.
Thanks to our ongoing investment in research and development, skill for deployment of our technological capabilities across business and the robust execution of our overall strategy. We also delivered a healthy non-GAAP operating profit of RMB 638 million in the fourth quarter and maintained a solid balance sheet with RMB 12 billion in total shareholders’ equity. We are very comfortable with our balance sheet and liquidity position. In particular, our cash position remains strong with over RMB 7 billion of cash and short-term liquidity as of the end of December 2022, an increase of 26% year-over-year. Our leverage ratio, which we define as risk-bearing loan balance divided by the shareholders’ equity remained stable at 4.5x, indicating future growth potential.
During these times of uncertainty, our strong capital and liquidity position, coupled with our low leverage ratio is an important source of confidence for all our shareholders, including our employees, institutional partners and suppliers. We also continued to return value to our shareholders through share buybacks throughout the year. In full year 2022, we deployed around to buy back our shares in the public market. As of December 31, 2022, the company has cumulatively deployed around USD 182 million for its share repurchase programs. Our Board has also declared a dividend for our shareholders of USD 0.215 per ADS with the payout ratio increasing to 18.5% of net income after tax for fiscal year 2022. This is our fifth consecutive annual dividend declaration, which reaffirms our confidence in our core capabilities, business growth and long-term market potential.
The historical trend of the company’s average dividend payout ratio for fiscal year 2018 to 2021 worth about 15% of the company’s net income after tax in the same period. Between 2018 and 2022, we cumulatively deployed around USD 263 million for dividend distributions. In total, we have returned USD 445 million to our shareholders and our share repurchase programs and the dividend policy. Last but not least, I would like to thank all our employees and partners for their actually matters, efforts in keeping our company strong throughout the COVID breakout of 2022. Our culture is stronger than ever, and we will continue to innovate as we broadly grow our business both domestically and internationally. Before I conclude my remarks, let me provide some additional color on our business outlook for 2023.
Although we review the reversal of the Zero COVID policy in China as a positive driver for 2023, we still plan to adopt an optimistic yet prudent approach for the first half of the year in the domestic market, while pursuing a more aggressive strategy internationally. The company will continue to closely monitor the situation and reassess our strategy accordingly. Despite the challenging macro environment, our business continues to grow and gain momentum as we focus on our efforts on strengthening our international initiatives. Preparing technological innovation and the constant acquisition of higher-quality borrowers, as a result, we expect our transaction volume in the China market for full year 2023 to be in the range of RMB 189 billion to RMB 205 billion, representing an increase of around 10% to 20% year-over-year.
We also expect our transaction volume in international market for full year 2023 to be around RMB 6.4 billion, representing an increase of around 15%. We are excited about the progress we have made in 2022 and look forward to continued success in 2023. With that, I will conclude my prepared remarks. We will now open the call to the questions. Operator, please continue.
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Operator: . Your first question comes from Alex Ye from UBS.
Alex Ye: So my first question is on your consumer credit demand trend so far in Q1. So how is the underlining demand you have been observing? And how is the loan volume run rate you are doing in Q1 versus, say, last quarter? Secondly, on the asset quality trend, could you give us an update about the earlier security indicators in recent months, February and March? Or how does it compare to your historical level?
Jimmy Tan: Okay. Alex, let me do the translation for Mr. Xu. The first question is actually related to user demand. At the end of last year, the macro environment has changed a lot due to the reopening and before Chinese — the period before Chinese New Year, we have seen that demand has increased a lot, up by around 10% to 20% on a year-over-year basis. And after Chinese New Year, we have seen the trend declining, but the overall trend is still positive. We think that the demand is still growing, and it is mostly due to a compensation recovery. And going forward, we believe that this trend will continue to grow. Okay. Alex, let me do the translation for the REIT as well. On the REIT trend, actually similar to the demand trend, both had some fluctuations.
During the reopening period, early indicators such as Day 1 delinquency increased rapidly, but it has fallen back to 5.3% right now. And also, we have seen the Day 1 to 30 collection recovery rate has some fluctuation as well, but right now, it expecting 91%. And we have also seen some vintage delinquency remaining stable at 2.3%. Our existing loan books for those loans disbursed during the COVID reopening period has been optimized by 10%. And the current loans disbursed is now below 2.2%.
Operator: Your next question comes from Yada Li from CICC.
Yada Li: Hello, management, this is Yada from CICC. My first question today is, from the perspective of the choice of lending model, what is the trend of capital-light and capital-heavy in the future? And would there be any plans to inject capital into the small loan license? My second question is, during the COVID pandemic, the growth of our SME segment actually slowed down due to the macroeconomic impact. And I was wondering about the positioning of SME business in our overall strategy in 2023 and 2024, and what is the proportion in the future?
Jimmy Tan: Yada, let me do the translation for Mr. Xu. Your question is related — first question is on capital-light versus capital-heavy. And for the full year of under the capital-light model was 16%, and we have been making very good progress. And we have been — the number of funding partners whom has cooperated with us under this business model has reached 17. This validates our capabilities to operate under the capital-light model and also the trust our funding partners have in our credit risk assessment models. We will also monitor the attitude of the regulators towards the capital-light. As right now, we have seen that both models of capital-heavy and light are acceptable to them. We will also consider the attitude of our funding partners and their needs.
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